作者 主題: 升级安装glibc,报错: error while loading shared libraries: __vdso_time: invalid mode fo  (閱讀 6568 次)

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zclliyibo

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1.我的linux系统的情况,没有连互联网

[root@localhost ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
Red Hat Enterprise Linux Server release 6.8 (Santiago)
[root@localhost ~]# uname -r
2.6.32-642.el6.x86_64

2.我的目的是想在redhat6.8安装MySQL5.7,然后我下载MySQL的rpm安装包,如下:
[root@localhost ~]# ls mysql-community-*
mysql-community-client-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-common-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-devel-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-embedded-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-embedded-compat-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-embedded-devel-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-libs-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-libs-compat-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-minimal-debuginfo-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-server-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-server-minimal-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm
mysql-community-test-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64.rpm

3.linux用yum安装gcc、cmake

4.rpm安装mysql:[root@localhost ~]#rpm -Uvh mysql-community*

结果报错:
error: Failed dependencies:
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-client-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libstdc++.so.6(GLIBCXX_3.4.15)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-client-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-embedded-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libstdc++.so.6(GLIBCXX_3.4.15)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-embedded-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-embedded-compat-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.17)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-embedded-compat-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libstdc++.so.6(GLIBCXX_3.4.15)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-embedded-compat-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-libs-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-libs-compat-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.17)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-libs-compat-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.15)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.16)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.17)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libstdc++.so.6(GLIBCXX_3.4.15)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        systemd is needed by mysql-community-server-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-minimal-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.15)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-minimal-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.16)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-minimal-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.17)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-minimal-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libstdc++.so.6(GLIBCXX_3.4.15)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-server-minimal-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libc.so.6(GLIBC_2.14)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-test-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libstdc++.so.6(GLIBCXX_3.4.15)(64bit) is needed by mysql-community-test-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        perl(JSON) is needed by mysql-community-test-5.7.17-1.el7.x86_64
        libmysqlclient.so.16()(64bit) is needed by (installed) postfix-2:2.6.6-6.el6_7.1.x86_64
        libmysqlclient.so.16(libmysqlclient_16)(64bit) is needed by (installed) postfix-2:2.6.6-

6.el6_7.1.x86_64

上网查询之后,我们需要安装以下东西:Glibc-2.14、2.15、2.16、2.17,GLIBCXX_3.4.15, perl(JSON) ,


5.首先,按照网上的办法,先升级安装glibc

5.1 查看已经安装的glibc的版本
[root@localhost ~]# strings /lib64/libc.so.6 | grep GLIBC

5.2 下载glibc-2.17的版本,解压后安装,下载地址:http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/glibc/
   
   [root@localhost glibc-2.17]# ./configure
   checking build system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
   checking host system type... x86_64-unknown-linux-gnu
   checking for gcc... gcc
   checking for suffix of object files... o
   checking whether we are using the GNU C compiler... yes
   checking whether gcc accepts -g... yes
   checking for gcc option to accept ISO C89... none needed
   checking how to run the C preprocessor... gcc -E
   checking for g++... g++
   checking whether we are using the GNU C++ compiler... yes
   checking whether g++ accepts -g... yes
   configure: error: you must configure in a separate build directory

5.3 在glibc-2.17的目录中直接执行./configure报错,上网查看,不能再当前目录执行configure
   [root@localhost ~]# glibc/glibc-2.17/configure --prefix=/usr/local/glibc_2.17
   然后执行成功,继续执行[root@localhost ~]# make && make install 执行成功

5.4 但是安装之后,查看glibc的版本,还是原来的版本,按照网上的说法,/lib64/libc.so.6需要建立一个新的连接
   [root@localhost ~]# /lib64/libc.so.6
   GNU C Library stable release version 2.12, by Roland McGrath et al.
   Copyright (C) 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   
   然后把建一个连接
   [root@localhost ~]# rm -rf libc.so.6
   [root@localhost ~]# ln -s /usr/local/glibc_2.17/lib/libc-2.17.so /lib64/libc.so.6

5.5 但是,建立连接后,命令又不能用了,出现如下报错:
   error while loading shared libraries: libc.so.6: cannot open shared object file: No such file or di

   然后我又把原来的库连接回去:
   [root@localhost ~]# LD_PRELOAD=/lib64/libc-2.12.so ln -s /lib64/libc-2.12.so /lib64/libc.so.6

5.6 然后,按照网上的办法,用LD_PRELOAD把新的目录指向到安装目录
   [root@localhost ~]# rm -rf libc.so.6
   [root@localhost ~]# LD_PRELOAD=/usr/local/glibc_2.17/lib/libc-2.17.so    ln  -s            

/usr/local/glibc_2.17/lib/libc-2.17.so /lib64/libc.so.6
   然后,还是报错:
   ln: error while loading shared libraries: __vdso_time: invalid mode for dlopen(): Invalid argument
   
   还是用这个挽救回来:LD_PRELOAD=/lib64/libc-2.12.so ln -s /lib64/libc-2.12.so /lib64/libc.so.6
   
5.7 然后,网上的办法:export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/glibc_2.17/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH
   结果还是不行,用unset LD_LIBRARY_PATH 挽救回来

5.8 然后,查找资料之后,glibc的安装之后需要 命令make localedata/install-locales更新时间数据库:但是执行之后,
   重新链接,还是报错:
   ln: error while loading shared libraries: __vdso_time: invalid mode for dlopen(): Invalid argument

6.请问这是怎么回事?我应该怎么做?

twu2

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自己換 glibc 很麻煩的... 如果你用的版本本身沒有那個 glibc 版本... 升級整個系統會比較不會出問題.

如果只是升級 mysql... 不應該去動 glibc, 而是抓 mysql 的 source 回來編譯, 而不是抓 rpm 回來再去升級 glibc.